On January 26–27, 2013, SCPSS held a conference in Istanbul entitled “Transitional Justice in Syria: Accountability and Reconciliation.” More than 120 Syrian and international participants attended the two days of panels and discussions on possible transitional justice and reconciliation programs to be conducted in postconflict Syria. Representatives from a number of families who had lost family members during the revolution attended. In addition, representatives of the Syrian political opposition included those from the National Coalition, the Syrian National Council, the Kurdish National Council, and other opposition groups. A large number of human rights activists, defected judges, and attorneys also attended, as did a group of experts in the field of transitional justice from international organizations and various academic institutions, who presented their personal and professional experiences with postconflict transitional justice programs in various countries.
On the last day of the conference, SCPSS announced the establishment of two new entities. The National Preparatory Committee for Transitional Justice was formed to build programs and future plans for transitional justice in Syria. Committee members include judges, lawyers, former political prisoners, and Syrian human rights activists. An international advisory board, made up of panelists from the Transitional Justice in Syria Conference, will consult and work with the Syrian members of the committee. The other entity, the Association for the Defense of the Rights of the Families of the Victims of the Revolution, will be made up of family members of the most prominent victims of the Syrian revolution—such as Hamza al-Khateeb, the first victim of the Syrian revolution; Muhammad al-Jawabrah; Ghayyath Matar; and Tamir al-Shar’i—and will work with the National Preparatory Committee for Transitional Justice in its truth and reconciliation efforts.
For further recommendations, please see Syria Transition Roadmap.
Or you can download the respective chapter:
Dr. Radwan Ziadeh
Dr. Radwan Ziadeh, the team leader of this group, is the executive director of the Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies and a former member of the Syrian National Council. He is the founder and executive director of the Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies and is the managing editor of the Transitional Justice in the Arab World Project. Formerly a Reagan-Fascell Fellow at the National Endowment for Democracy and senior fellow at the U.S. Institute of Peace, he is currently a visiting scholar at Lehigh University and a fellow at the Institute for Social Policy and Understanding in Washington.
Amr al-Sarraj, the senior researcher for this group, is an electronic and new media expert and specializes in international politics and economics. He received a master’s degree in e-business (electronic news services) from Middle East University in Jordan, a bachelor’s degree in international business from Hashemite University, and a diploma in diplomacy, global governance, and management of international relations from the Società Italiana per l’Organizzazione Internazionale (Italian Society for International Organization) in Rome.