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Syrian opposition unveils ‘transitional roadmap’

Posted by on Aug 31, 2013 in Press | Comments Off on Syrian opposition unveils ‘transitional roadmap’

Syrian opposition unveils ‘transitional roadmap’

The Syrian opposition on Wednesday unveiled here a proposed “roadmap” to achieve “national reconciliation and justice” in the conflict-stricken country.

“The plan starts with the toppling of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his government including his inner circle of military and security decision-makers,” Radwan Ziadeh, executive director of Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies, said at a press conference here.

“The new system will be dependent on the presence of people,” said George Sabra, member of the Syrian Democratic People’s Party, underlying the importance of the democratic reforms and pluralism.

Ahmed Jarba, head of the opposition Syrian National Coalition, Syria’s opposition umbrella group in exile, did not attend the press conference.

The 233-page document, drawn up by a group of about 300 Syrian human rights activists, academics, judges, lawyers and opposition figures, covers topics of constitutional, political, electoral, security, and economic reforms, and transitional justice in the post-conflict Syria.

The document stipulates a hybrid presidential/parliamentary system to achieve balance in state institutions; and under it, the security services will be restructured and cleansed of corrupt officials, and all armed groups will be disarmed, demobilized and reintegrated into the Syrian society.

The opposition also plans to form a “unified” national army from the officer ranks of the rebel Free Syrian Army in addition to retired army officers and remaining military officers, according to the document.

The Syrian opposition has for long asked the international community to back the rebels with arms and ammunition that could tip the balance in the battles in favor of the rebels; and it has stipulated the departure of Assad as a prelude to any political settlement.

 

Global Times

Syria opposition proposes transition roadmap

Posted by on Aug 31, 2013 in main_page, Press | Comments Off on Syria opposition proposes transition roadmap

Syria opposition proposes transition roadmap

AFP – Syrian opposition activists, including National Coalition members, have drawn up a transitional roadmap including a call for national reconciliation and justice for “all of Syria’s victims,” a statement said Tuesday.

The roadmap is to be presented in full on Wednesday, in the presence of National Coalition chief Ahmad Jarba, but has not been officially endorsed by the key opposition group.

“National reconciliation will be achieved through a long transitional justice process in which justice is assured for all of Syria’s victims,” said the statement.

It comes amid reports of abuses carried out by both regime forces and rebels in Syria’s conflict.

While the country’s uprising began with peaceful anti-government demonstrations in March 2011, it has turned into a bloody war that has left more than 100,000 people dead.

Both sides have been accused of summary executions, sectarian killings and torture.

The proposals also call for restructuring Syrian security forces to uproot “corrupt officials.”

“All armed groups will be disarmed, demobilised and reintegrated into Syrian society,” it adds.

It lays out plans for the country’s political system after the fall of the Syrian regime, calling for a “hybrid presidential/parliamentary system.”

And it proposes using the country’s 1950 constitution as the basis for a new charter, with an elected constitutional assembly mandated to decide on modifications.

The 1950 constitution was the first in Syria to be drafted by a constituent assembly, but has subsequently been replaced.

It gave the legislature more power than the executive, and states that the head of state must be a Muslim.

The group behind the proposal, Syrian Expert House, includes some 300 activists, lawyers and members of the National Coalition and Syrian National Council.

Defected government officials and rebel commanders also participated in the drafting process, the group said.

More than 200 pages spell out in often minute detail a plan for how best to manage a transition in the event the regime of President Bashar al-Assad falls.

It argues for war crimes tribunals to be held in Syria with international experts providing advice, and pledges that trials will cover all those accused of abuses.

“The goal is not to target a specific religious group,” the document says, adding “there is no place for the policies of revenge or retaliation.”

“Even members of the armed opposition must be held accountable, and their trials should be conducted according to international standards to avoid any challenges to these trials’ legitimacy,” it adds.

The document is unlikely to sit well with the most extreme of Syria’s rebels, jihadists with the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Nusra Front and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

The groups have made clear their goal is for a greater Islamic nation, and that a pluralistic democracy is not on the table.

The roadmap could even incur the anger of more moderate Islamists, including the Muslim Brotherhood organisation, with its proposal that election laws exclude parties “founded on a religious, racial or doctrinal basis.”

It is being released as fighting continues in Syria, with fierce battles in eastern Deir Ezzor and coastal Latakia, the latter Assad’s home province.

International efforts to organise a conference on a political solution to the conflict have stalled.

 

France 24

Opposition Announces Final Syria Transition Roadmap

Posted by on Aug 31, 2013 in Press | Comments Off on Opposition Announces Final Syria Transition Roadmap

Opposition Announces Final Syria Transition Roadmap

The plan makes recommendations that will guarantee the transformation of Syria into a progressive state by the year 2040

The Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies announced in Istanbul on Wednesday the final report on the plan for a democratic transition in Syria, prepared by the House of Experts, which was founded by the Center.

 

The report was compiled after consultation with some 300 activists, military leaders and members of main opposition groups.

 

It calls for disarmament of all armed groups in Syria and reconstruction of the security services. Under the plan, a new national assembly would draft a constitution based on the 1950 constitution, which would then go to a referendum for approval.

 

The report envisions a government with both a president and a parliament to ensure checks and balances to the concentration of power, and recommends the creation of an independent judiciary.

 

The roadmap comes as the government of Presidnet Bashar Assad has consolidated control over central Syria and around the capital,Damascus.

 

Head of Transitional Justice and National Reconciliation Committee, Radwan Ziadeh said that one of the recommendations made by Constitutional Reform and Sovereignty of Law Committee is to adopt the 1950 constitution as “the only Syrian constitution (among 15) which was formed and accepted by a national parliament and gained real support from Syrians.”

 

But, he said “this doesn’t deny that it contains some articles that ignore the rights of  minorities, and these articles should be amended.”

 

As for the political system, contributors agreed that it should be parliamentary and that members of parliament (who shall have broad powers) shall form the government. Experts emphasize the importance of activating different parties’ role and reforming state institutions. In particular, reform was needed to the parties laws, in parallel with reform of the elections law, which should be proportionally representative. Constraints on party formation should be cancelled with discrimination and division of the state the only consideration of a violation of the constitution in this respect.

 

According to Ziadeh, the plan makes recommendations that will guarantee the transformation of Syria into a progressive state by the year 2040.

 

The recommendations include: Restructuring the army and dismantling the security forces; implementing a new vision for the security system that reflects the reality imposed by the revolution; the formation of a national security council providing Syrian military units with advanced training courses to professionalism and citizens’ rights and protection as well as the means to respond to the security needs of  the economy; a gradual transition to an open market economy; tax reduction; job creation, and removal of investment constraints.

 

One Syrian civil society group said while it supported Ziadeh’s team, it criticized Ziadeh’s “ignorance” in its work.

 

The ‘Day After’ group, headed by Murhaf Gwegati said “setting out a vision on the future of Syria that is not monopolized by one group is a responsibility of all citizens. Consequently, all the experiences and recommendations have a positive effect on adopting a clear way to a bright future.”

 

But the group clarified that it is any attempt to form a vision of the future is a suggestion and should not be used as the definitive article “to make itself the only one specified for the future and destiny of the country.”

 

The group said that “minimizing the efforts of the others to put one project in front is a bad habit that hurts the one who adopts it before the others, especially when it launches a project as important, valuable and effective as that of Dr Radwan Ziadeh.”

 

The President of Syrian National Council, George Sabra, meanwhile, said in an interview with Zaman al-Wasl that the plan cannot be applied as long as Bashar Assad remains in power.

 

“Firstly, the dictator who destroys the country should step down before starting the reform of state institutions,” he said.

 

Deputy President of Syrian National Coalition, Mohammad Farouq Tayfour said in an exclusive statement to Zaman al-Wasl that “the plan is one which will have a positive effect on international support for the Syrian revolution”.

 

Tayfour pointed out that one of the reasons for the delay  in the international community’s support for the revolution was the absence of any clear vision for a post-Assad Syria.

 

“Today we have a clear vision of Syria in the transitional period and post-transitional period,” he said.

 

Translated and edited by The Syrian Observer

Syria Transition Roadmap Conference

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Syria Transition Roadmap Conference

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Syria Transition Roadmap Conference

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Syria Transition Roadmap Conference

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Syria Transition Roadmap Conference

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Syria Transition Roadmap Conference

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Syria Transition Roadmap Conference

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Syria Transition Roadmap Conference

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